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The Universe As a Virtual Reality


11 June 2009 - 16 September 2017




Summary




It is conceivable that beings will evolve from humans through technological innovation that will create virtual realities similar to our own universe in the future, so we may be living in a virtual reality ourselves. It is difficult to gather evidence for this idea because from inside a simulation it is impossible to know what a real world looks like. Yet, many people have witnessed events that defy conventional scientific explanations. Sadly, not all these people appear to be sane.

Nevertheless, the idea of this universe being a virtual reality could reconcile science with the supernatural. Investigations into the paranormal, and most notably reincarnation research, have yielded some results that can be explained by assuming that our universe is a virtual reality. There is some trouble with this evidence. Those phenomena could be the result of fraud or delusions. And if they are not, this universe may have properties we currently do not understand.

A way to prove that this universe is created by an advanced civilisation is demonstrating that there is some kind of coordination of events or a script. Peculiar coincidences may be evidence of such a script, but the law of large numbers states that they can happen by accident. By considering only the most important historic events, it may be possible to circumvent the law of large numbers and find a number of meaningful coincidences that significantly exceeds randomness.

The evidence indicates that it is plausible that this universe is a virtual reality and that there is a script running all events. This implies that free will is an illusion. This setup could reduce the cost of the simulation as it requires less computing power but it could also reduce the value of the simulation if it is used for entertainment or research. However, if the owner or owners are put into a dream state, and are unaware of their role, then this setup can provide entertainment.





Contents




Summary

Contents

Introduction

Approach
The simulation argument
Properties of this universe
Explanatory power
Objections and alternative explanations
Peculiar coincidences
Coincidence and the number 11
The law of large numbers and confirmation bias

Evidence from history
Major historic events
American Declaration of Independence
End of the French monarchy
Rise and fall of Napoleon
Wuchang Uprising
Assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand
October Revolution in Russia
World War I Armistice
Rise and fall of Adolf Hitler
Holocaust
D-Day
Fall of the Berlin Wall
The attacks of 11 September 2001
Emergency telephone numbers
Other remarkable facts
New World Order
Prophetic predictions
The Matrix
Inside job
Coincidences and the 11-phenomenon
March 11
Aftermath of the 11 September 2001 attacks
More attacks
12 October 2002 Bali bombings (stripping the zeros)
Pim Fortuyn and Theo van Gogh assassinations
11 March 2004 Madrid train bombings
7 July 2005 London suicide bombings (elevens hidden behind the sevens)
26 November 2008 Mumbai terrorist attacks
22 July 2011 terrorist attack in Norway
Benghazi attack and China riots
Public transport accidents
Attacks on Charlie Hebdo
Mecca crane collapse
13 November 2015 Paris terrorist attacks
22 March 2016 Brussels bombings

Conclusion
What history teaches us
Ownership of this universe
Purpose of existence
Prophecies and knowledge

Other more remarkable events
Research material
Strange phenomena
The Great Blue Norther of 11/11/11
Sinking of the Titanic
John F. Kennedy and Abraham Lincoln
Apollo 13
Pope end time prophecy
The curse of The Omen
An accident rarely comes alone
Link to the 11-phenomenon
Lottery jackpots
Shootings
Death in pairs
Twins chosen seven minutes apart in the 2011 NBA draft
Two television towers caught fire on the same day
A peculiar sequence of aircraft accidents
A remarkable set of airplane crashes
4 July 2009 KLM Boeing 747-400 precautionary landing
Flight MH17 coincidences
55 plane incidents in the United States during the 5 days before 9/9/9
The Mayan Calendar
Stock market peculiarities
Earthquakes in Christchurch and Japan

References




Introduction




Already in ancient times philosophers found out that there is no way to prove that world around us is real or that other people have a mind of their own. Perhaps I am the only being that is real while the rest of the world exists only in my imagination. Perhaps this universe is a simulation. I could be a character in this computer simulation and my mind may be controlled by a computer programme. These ideas have been made popular in the film The Matrix.

The following happened to me. It could have made me wonder, but I forgot about it until I realised that my life is riddled with freaky accidents and coincidences. In 1992 I was making a bike trip in the city of Groningen where I lived. While I was on my way, a car door suddenly opened just in front of me, so that I could barely avoid a collision. Some ten minutes later, while I was still on the same trip, it happened again with another car on another road. Remarkably, it never happened before or after this trip that a car door just opened in front of me, even though I make bike trips nearly every day.

Personal experiences affect how you see the world. Peculiar incidents can make you believe that there is a coordinating force. However, the law of large numbers states that freaky accidents and coincidences do happen by chance. If the odds for a sequence of peculiar incidents happening in your life is one in a million, then it might just be caused by randomness, even though you would probably be inclined not to think so. If the odds are one in a trillion then randomness is unlikely. The problem is that there is no way to calculate these odds so the interpretation of such incidents becomes a matter of preference.

There may be a way around this. The law of large numbers does not apply, or apply to a lesser degree, on epic historic events like the start and the end of World War I or D-Day as there are relatively few of those events. The assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand initiated World War I. AIII 118 was the licence plate number of the car Franz Ferdinand was in when he was assassinated. This can be seen as a reference to the date of the armistice ending the war on 11 November 1918 at 11:00 AM, a remarkable date and time in itself. AIII 118 can be read as Armistice 11-11-18.

It could be just a coincidence, or someone knew already before everything happened that Franz Ferdinand would be assassinated, and that this would be the provocation of a world war that would end on 11 November 1918. According to chaos theory, even the flight a butterfly could derail events that were about to happen in the future. So this arrangement of events may indicate complete control over everyone and everything, as the war and the events leading up to it consisted of countless actions of countless individuals. If this is true then the spread of the religions of the Abrahamic God isn't an accident either.

There are more of these peculiar coincidences in history, involving Napoleon, Adolf Hitler, the Holocaust, D-Day, the fall of the Berlin Wall, and most notably the attacks of 11 September 2001. Even though the evidence may seem quite impressive, it is subject to confirmation bias, which is looking for facts that support the assumption while ignoring facts that don't. In most cases this is a bad practise for gaining knowledge but a confirmation bias is unescapable to make the argument. This research only attempts to find a way around the law of large numbers to make the position of this universe being a virtual reality more convincing.




Approach



 
The Treachery of Images (This is Not a Pipe)
The Treachery of Images (This is Not a pipe)
Source: Lacma.org
 

The simulation argument


In the simulation argument Professor Nick Bostrom argues that we might be living inside a virtual reality [1]. He explains that there might be many different human civilisations that could evolve to become post-human, which means that the humans of those civilisations develop technology to alter themselves and become a kind of super humans with enhanced capabilities that could live forever. There can be many human civilisations for different reasons. For instance, there could be many similar universes that each have one or more human civilisations.

The post-human civilisations may run virtual realities of their ancestor civilisations, which are human civilisations. We could be living in one of them. The difference between a real human civilisation and a virtual reality is that a real human civilisation evolved by accident while a virtual reality is created by intent. Given sufficiently advanced technology, it seems possible to represent a universe in a meaningful way including simulated human consciousnesses. Given current developments in information technology, our civilisation may become capable of creating such virtual reality universes in the future.

Professor Bostrom now contends that one of the following must be true: (1) nearly all human civilisations end before they have the technology to build virtual realities resembling human civilisations, (2) when human civilisations or post-human civilisations can build virtual realities of human civilisations, they will not do so or only make a small number of them or (3) we are almost certainly living inside a virtual reality as there will be a large number of virtual universes for every real universe. The assumption behind the simulation hypothesis is that this technology can be made inexpensive [1].

It is not possible to calculate the probability of the options. There are a lot of uncertainties in the simulation argument. For example, our civilisation could be the only human civilisation and we could go extinct. Post-humans may develop ethical objections against building such virtual realities. Even though humans are very much inclined to write stories or to use virtual realities for research or entertainment, humans may alter themselves in the post-human phase in such a way that their inclination to build virtual reality civilisations disappears. Still, it is safe to conclude is that there is a good chance that live in a virtual reality ourselves.



Properties of this universe


Either this universe emerged accidentally so that it is real or it was created intentionally by an advanced civilisation so that is virtual. The universe being a virtual reality is often confused with it being immaterial. For example, evidence suggesting reincarnation and near death experiences may indicate that consciousness can exist independent of the body. If there is no evidence of fraud or misjudgement, then this contradicts the materialist scientific viewpoint. We may not correctly understand the properties of this universe, so these phenomena may have other causes than this universe being a virtual reality.

Some people argue that the properties of this universe demonstrate that it is a virtual reality. For example, quantum physics indicates that reality is a sequence of states, with nothing existing or happening between the states [2]. This may signify that reality is generated by a computer. The problem with this argument is that we do not know how a real world looks like. Those properties may also exist in a real world.

Others have said that it is unlikely that this universe emerged by chance. For example, there is an argument that this universe is designed for life because the laws of physics and the values of physical constants seem just right for life to exist [2]. However, there may be an unlimited number of universes with different physical laws and constants and this universe may just be one of them that accidentally is just right.

It seems that the properties of this universe cannot be used to demonstrate that this universe is a virtual reality. Similar reasoning may also be incapable of proving that this universe is not a virtual reality. For example, some see incomputable physics as evidence of this universe not being a virtual reality [2]. It may however be possible to create algorithms that exceed the capabilities of computers we can currently envision [3].

Somewhat more convincing is the observer effect. The observer effect suggests that reality does not exist by itself, and only comes into being when consciously observed [2]. The observer effect applies to small particles that normally remain unobserved so that it would be a waste of memory and processing power to represent them all the time. In a real universe such particles are likely to exist independent of perception.

Another interesting idea is the Fermi Paradox. There is a contradiction between the apparent high probability of extraterrestrial civilisations within our universe and the lack of evidence for the existence of these aliens. "Where is everybody?" Mr Fermi asked. It could simply be that Earth and humankind truly are at the centre of the universe, which might indicate that we are living inside a simulation [4].



Explanatory power


There are a number of phenomena that have no satisfactory scientific explanations, at least in the eyes of people who believe in those phenomena, such as religious experiences, the paranormal, experiences that suggest an afterlife and UFO's. There are some obvious interpretations of these unexplained phenomena, such as fraud, bad judgement, and mental states. The neat thing about those explanations is that they often can be proven, while other interpretations mostly suffer from a lack of evidence.

This universe being a virtual reality could provide an alternative explanation for the existence of religions and a number of other phenomena, such as:
- past life memories, out of body experiences and near death experiences;
- mysterious healing, seeing ghosts and hearing voices;
- religious experiences like seeing Mother Mary, Jesus or angels;
- UFOs, alien abductions and crop circles;
- synchronicity, 11-phenomenon and peculiar coincidences;
- clairvoyance, prophecies, premonitions and predicting the future.

If this universe is indeed a virtual reality, then the concept of delusion may need to be adjusted. Reality may appear to different people in different ways, and even in ways tailored to their wants or expectations. That might explain, for instance, why people see UFOs nowadays, but did not in the Middle Ages. There are examples of people that appear to be sensible, stating things that seem irrational, for instance that they had a previous life or that they have felt the presence of a ghost or an angel.

For example, a Fox News reporter, who apparently has been attacked by ghosts and daemons in a haunted house, had to admit that the phenomena at least felt very real. He said to have been scratched by an unknown entity [5]. There are more incidents of this kind. It is therefore not very surprising that a majority of people in the United States believe in paranormal or supernatural phenomena [6].

In a simulation paranormal phenomena can be seen as scripted events while supernatural phenomena can be caused by the illusionary nature of our universe. Prophecies, premonitions and predictions can come true because this is part of the storyline. Clairvoyance, past life memories and mysterious healing can be scripted. For example, a clairvoyant may make a guess and the guess can turn out to be accurate as planned. Out of body experiences, near death experiences, seeing ghosts and hearing voices could be caused by the simulation.

The idea of this universe being a virtual reality explains more and has fewer contradictions with observed reality. There is some recorded evidence for paranormal phenomena [6]. Reincarnation research has also produced some interesting results. Past life memories have been documented, including corresponding birthmarks suggesting a link with a previous life [7]. Evidence of past life memories may not have been caused by reincarnation. Those memories may have been inserted into the consciousness.



Objections and alternative explanations


Alternative explanations are possible. Fraud is the most obvious one. Alternatively, seeing ghosts, hearing voices, alien abductions, out of body experiences and near death experiences could be caused by medical or psychological conditions. Mysterious healing could be caused by the placebo effect. Peculiar coincidences and 11-phenomenon could be explained as being the result of coincidence, misidentified as meaningful by confirmation bias or after the fact reasoning. Paranormal claims are considered to be unproven by science [6].

Many academics explain the belief in the paranormal by ignorance, deprivation or deficiency. This means that many scientists think that people who believe in paranormal phenomena are either stupid, use their beliefs as a way to cope with psychological uncertainties and physical stress, or are mentally defective in some way, ranging from a poor critical thinking ability to a full-blown psychosis [6].

Without reverting to assumptions about the mental state of people believing in paranormal phenomena, the following types of objections against supernatural and paranormal claims can be made:
(1) Some of the claims are proven to be false or fraudulent.
(2) Some of the phenomena are statistically insignificant, and the events attributed to the phenomenon could have happened by accident.
(3) The phenomena are not reproducible in a controlled environment, so other causes cannot be eliminated.



Peculiar coincidences


It may not be possible to prove that we do live in a virtual reality by falsifying the proposition that we don't. A significant body of peculiar coincidences may prove intent, which may indicate that his universe is created intentionally by an advanced civilisation. Falsification can be attained by induction, which is building a convincing body of evidence. Maybe one black swan seen by one individual is not convincing to falsify the idea that all swans are white, but multiple black swans by multiple individuals are. For falsification an anecdotal approach suffices, which could mean providing a convincing body of peculiar coincidences [8].

Synchronicity is the experience of two or more events that are apparently causally unrelated occurring together in a meaningful manner. To count as synchronicity, the events should be unlikely to occur together by chance. Theories about synchronicity suggest that there is something like a collective unconscious or a grouping of events by meaning [9]. According to such theories, meaning instead of causality is driving such events, which implies that those events are intended to happen in a meaningful arrangement. There are many of such coincidences documented, and a few are mentioned here.

Mathematician Warren Weaver, in his book Lady Luck: The Theory of Probability, described a stunning coincidence that stretches traditional notions of chance to their breaking point. Weaver wrote [10]:

All fifteen members of a church choir in Beatrice, Nebraska, due at practice at 7:20, were late on the evening of March 1, 1950. The minister and his wife and daughter had one reason (his wife delayed to iron the daughter’s dress) one girl waited to finish a geometry problem; one couldn’t start her car; two lingered to hear the end of an especially exciting radio program; one mother and daughter were late because the mother had to call the daughter twice to wake her from a nap; and so on. The reasons seemed rather ordinary. But there were ten separate and quite unconnected reasons for the lateness of the fifteen persons. It was rather fortunate that none of the fifteen arrived on time at 7:20, for at 7:25 the church building was destroyed in an explosion. The members of the choir, Life reported, wondered if their delay was “an act of God.”


In The Structure and Dynamics of the Psyche, Jung described how, during his research into the phenomenon of the collective unconscious, he began to observe coincidences that were connected in such a way that their occurrence seemed to defy the calculations of probability. He provided numerous examples taken from his own psychiatric case studies [10]. In his book Synchronicity he provided the following example [9]:

A young woman I was treating had, at a critical moment, a dream in which she was given a golden scarab. While she was telling me this dream, I sat with my back to the closed window. Suddenly I heard a noise behind me, like a gentle tapping. I turned round and saw a flying insect knocking against the window-pane from the outside. I opened the window and caught the creature in the air as it flew in. It was the nearest analogy to a golden scarab one finds in our latitudes, a scarabaeid beetle, the common rose-chafer (Cetonia aurata), which, contrary to its usual habits had evidently felt the urge to get into a dark room at this particular moment. I must admit that nothing like it ever happened to me before or since.


Jung wrote, after describing some examples, that when coincidences pile up in this way, one cannot help being impressed by them, for the greater the number of terms in such a series, or the more unusual its character, the more improbable it becomes [9].

In the book Thirty Years That Shook Physics - The Story of Quantum Theory (1966), George Gamow wrote about Wolfgang Pauli, who was considered a person particularly associated to synchronicity events. Gamow referred to the Pauli effect, which was a mysterious phenomenon which was not, and probably never would be, understood on a purely materialistic basis. He added the following anecdote as an example [9]:

It is well known that theoretical physicists cannot handle experimental equipment; it breaks whenever they touch it. Pauli was such a good theoretical physicist that something usually broke in the lab whenever he merely stepped across the threshold. A mysterious event that did not seem at first to be connected with Pauli's presence once occurred in Professor J. Franck's laboratory in Göttingen. Early one afternoon, without apparent cause, a complicated apparatus for the study of atomic phenomena collapsed. Franck wrote humorously about this to Pauli at his Zürich address and, after some delay, received an answer in an envelope with a Danish stamp. Pauli wrote that he had gone to visit Bohr and at the time of the mishap in Franck's laboratory his train was stopped for a few minutes at the Göttingen railroad station. You may believe this anecdote or not, but there are many other observations concerning the reality of the Pauli Effect!




Coincidence and the number 11


 
11:11 time prompt
 
A specific form of synchronicity is the 11-phenomenon. Many people claim to have, at least for some time, observed the number 11 or its multiples many times more than could be expected by chance when watching clocks, licence plates or other numbers. Mostly double digit time prompts like 11:11 have been reported, but there are people that appear to have synchronised with other numbers. Double digit numbers attract attention and seeing elevens can be a form of selective remembrance [11]. Also occurrences of 69 and 96 could be related to the 11-phenomenon because a 6 is a 9 upside down.

 
Tin foil hat
Tin foil hat
Source: In5d.com
 
To make it count, the 11-phenomenon should force itself upon a person that is not inclined to notice it. For example, if you wake up at night from time to time, then look at the clock, and consistenly see times like 2:22, 3:33, 4:44 or 5:55, then selective remembrance is not a good explanation. Many people claimed to have experienced the 11-phenomenon in a such a way. A possible explanation is mind control. The internet made it more easy for people to share those experiences. The 11:11 Coincidence Gallery webpage provides some links to reference material.

It also happened to me. For about a month, the time was 2:22, 3:33, 4:44 or 5:55 every time I woke up and looked at the clock. This happened at least 20 times. It spooked me even more when my wife told me that she had this strange experience of seeing these same numbers all the time when waking up. And we weren't even waking up at the same time. This never happened before nor did it happen afterwards, even though my wife later began to think that the number 111 was nagging her. That could be selective remembrance however.

A coincidence is often a pair of similar events so the number 11 may signify coincidence as it is the first double digit numer. The double eleven or 11:11 may therefore indicate a double coincidence or a peculiar event that is meaningfully linked to another peculiar event. A trick often used in numerology is compressing numbers, which is adding up the digits, for example 1489 is 1 + 4 + 8 + 9 = 22. You can iterate this process untill you get a single digit number, so 22 adds up to 2 + 2 = 4. The number 911 adds up to 9 + 1 + 1 = 11. This freaked out quite a few people.



The law of large numbers and confirmation bias


The law of large numbers states that peculiar coincidences can happen by accident. The law of large numbers is often used to demonstrate that an apparently peculiar sequence of events most likely is just a coincidence [11]. The chance of a coincidence occurring is larger than most people think. From a statistical perspective, coincidences are inevitable and often less remarkable than they may appear intuitively. An example is the birthday problem, where the probability of two individuals sharing a birthday already exceeds 50% with a group of only 23 [12]. Meaning can be attributed in many different ways so peculiar coincidences are similar to the birthday problem.

Humans are inclined to see a meaning in events. If you think that there is a plan behind everything then you may be inclined look for peculiar coincidences and see them as evidence for your assumption. People have a tendency to select and interpret information in order to support their beliefs. This is called confirmation bias. It involves a biased search for information and a biased interpretation of the facts. When applied to peculiar coincidences, it can lead to an illusory association between events [13].

For every peculiar coincidence, there are a near unlimited number of events without peculiar coincidences. For every peculiar coincidence that took place, one can imagine countless others that could have taken place, but did not happen [11]. A random selection of events is unlikely to reveal meaningful patterns, so statistical analysis is useless in assessing whether or not events are part of a design for the odds are simply impossible to calculate.

For those reasons, and because the universe could be a virtual reality, there may be no other option than to rely on confirmation bias and after the fact reasoning. It will come down to human judgement to evaluate the evidence that comes out of a research process that is necessarily biased. Sceptics may object to this, for instance by not accepting the results of biased research or rejecting numerology on beforehand. An argument to show that a combination of events shows signs of intent might involve numerological arguments. This could be a valid approach if there is additional evidence supporting the assertion made.

To make a judgement about which events are part of a pattern, the following standards can be used:
(1) The event must be documented and undisputed.
(2) The evidence must be significant, which requires judgement.
(3) Circumstantial evidence may be needed to demonstrate that the event is part of a designed pattern.

A measure of significance could be the importance of the event in history. This is by no means an exact measure. Circumstancial evidence might be used as a confirmation that there is something fishy going on. For example, a reference to the end date of World War I on the car of Archduke Franz Ferdinand at the time of his assassination being part of a design, might be confirmed by the fact that World War I ended on 11 November on 11:00 AM as this date and time involve three elevens.

Another requirement could be that no-one intended it to happen in this way. The end date of the war of 11 November may fit this requirement, but the time 11:00 AM may not. The parties involved may have noticed the elevens in the date and then picked the time accordingly. That may have happened unconsciously. This approach is dubious, and certainly not scientific, but the aim of this research is to make the argument for this universe being a virtual reality more convincing, not to prove this point.




Evidence from history




Major historic events


To make the argument that we live in a virtual reality more convincing, there must be evidence of intent. Paranormal and supernatural phenomena are not evidence of intent, but peculiar coincidences might be. The law of large numbers demonstrates that the chance of peculiar coincidences happening is extremely high. There may be a way around this, which is finding a significant number of peculiar coincidences in the most important events in history. The more important an event is, the more significant peculiar coincidences could be, as there are relatively few important historic events.

World War I and World War II were the most important historic events in the 20th century. These events are surrounded by peculiar coincidences that seem quite significant. This also hold true for the fall of the Berlin Wall and most notably the terrorist attacks of 11 September 2001. If there is a script then the script writer seems to have had a preference for making these coincidences in history happen in Europe and the United States, and only in the last century or so. The list below contains some of the most important historic events of the last 250 years.

* unimpressive; ** freaky; *** superlunary

 #   Period   Event   Date   
 1.  American Revolution   Declaration of Independence   4 July 1776   * 
 2.  French Revolution   End of the French monarchy   21 Sept. 1791   * 
 3.  French Revolution   Rise and fall of Napoleon     ** 
 4.  Chinese Revolution   Wuchang Uprising   10 Oct. 1911   * 
 5.  World War I   Assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand   28 June 1914   ** 
 6.  Russian Revolution   October Revolution   7 Nov. 1917   * 
 7.  World War I   Armistice   11 Nov. 1918   * 
 8.  World War II   Rise and fall of Adolf Hitler     ** 
 9.  World War II   Holocaust     * 
 10.  World War II   D-Day   6 June 1944   ** 
 11.  Chinese Revolution   Establishment People's Republic of China   1 Oct. 1949    
 12.  End of Communism in Europe   Fall of the Berlin Wall   9 Nov. 1989   ** 
 13.  Clash of Civilisations   Attacks of 11 September   11 Sept. 2001   *** 

 
 


American Declaration of Independence


US Presidents Jefferson and Adams were both instrumental in drafting the US Declaration of Independence, which was signed on 4 July 1776. Jefferson was Adams Vice-President until he himself became President in 1800. They were the last surviving members of the original American revolutionaries who had stood up to the British Empire and forged a new political system in the former colonies [14]. They were friends for many years. Both men died on 4 July 1826, exactly fifty years after the Declaration of Independence.



End of the French monarchy


The number 21 was an unlucky number for King Louis XVI of France. On 21 June 1791, Louis attempted to secretly flee with his family from Paris. He hoped to raise an army with the help of the loyalists who had fled, as well as assistance from other nations. Because of this plot he was eventually convicted of high treason [15].

On 21 September 1791 France proclaimed itself a republic. On 21 January 1793, King Louis XVI was executed by guillotine [15]. The Storming of the Bastille is still celebrated in France on 14 July (14/7) [16]. The numbers of the date added up make 21.

There is an urban legend about Louis XVI and the number 21. It states that when Louis XVI was a child, he was warned by an astrologer to always be on his guard on the 21st day of each month. Louis allegedly was terrified by this warning and did never business on the 21st, but he forgot about the warning on 21 June 1791 [17].



Rise and fall of Napoleon


Napoleon Bonaparte came to power after a coup to overthrow the constitutional government on 9 November 1799 [18]. He became First Consul of the French Republic from 11 November 1799 (11/11/99) and Emperor on 2 December 1804 [18]. He first had to abdicate on 11 April 1814 and for the second time on 22 June 1815 [18]. The parallels between Napoleon Bonaparte and Adolf Hitler are striking.

Napoleon Bonaparte was born on Corsica, an independent island that became part of France, while Napoleon Bonaparte became the leader of France [18]. Adolf Hitler was born in Austria, an independent country that became part of Germany, while Adolf Hitler became the leader of Germany [27]. Both men were involved in a coup on 9 November, while they both started a campaign in Russia that led to their downfall.

Adolf Hitler was involved in a failed coup to overthrow the Weimar Republic from 8 to 9 November 1923 [27]. Adolf Hitler started a campaign in Russia leading to his downfall on 22 June 1941 [27]. On 22 June 1940, Germany and France signed an armistice after France had been defeated by Germany [30]. On 22 June 1815, Napoleon Bonaparte abdicated and went in exile because he lost the war [14].

Napoleon Bonaparte and Adolf Hitler both came to power by a coup ending an instable republic. They both turned Europe into a battlefield. They both ventured into Africa and both were repelled in Egypt. They both waged a war on two fronts because they both attacked Russia while England had not been defeated. On 18 June 1815, at the Battle of Waterloo, Napoleon Bonaparte was defeated for good [18]. There is something odd with this date. 18 June 1815 (6/18/1815) can be rewritten as 96/96 (1+8=9, 6, 1+8=9, 1+5=6). 9 is a 6 upside down, so this date can be read like 66:66 or 99:99.



Wuchang Uprising


The turning point of the Chinese Revolution of 1911-1912 was the Wuchang Uprising on 10 October 1911 (10/10/11). This day is seen as the most important date of the Chinese Revolution. The revolution ended with the abdication of the last Emperor Puyi on 12 February 1912 (2/12/12 American notation), that marked the end of over 2,000 years of imperial rule and the beginning of China's republican era. 10 October is commemorated in Taiwan as Double Ten Day, the National Day of the Republic of China [19]. The date of the Wuchang Uprising is a double digit date in a double digit year.



Assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand


The assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand by Gavrilo Princip on 28 June 1914 initiated World War I. At the time of his assassination, the licence plate number of the car Franz Ferdinand was in was AIII 118 [20], which could be seen as a reference to the date of the armistice ending the war on 11 November 1918. AIII 118 can be read as Armistice 11-11-18. The day of the assassination, which was 15 June in the Julian calendar used by the Serbian Orthodox Church, was the feast of St. Vitus. On this day Serbs commemorate the 1389 Battle of Kosovo against the Ottomans, at which the Sultan was slain in his tent by a Serb [21].

A sequence of mishaps led up to the assassination. A planned assassination plot failed. A few conspirators did not act. Nedeljko Čabrinović threw a bomb but it exploded under the next car. Archduke Franz Ferdinand then gave up his planned programme in favour of visiting the wounded from the bombing at the hospital [21]. After learning that the assassination had been unsuccessful, Gavrilo Princip went to a nearby food shop. There he saw Franz Ferdinand's open car reversing after having taken the wrong turn as it drove past. The engine of the car stalled and the gears locked, which gave Princip the opportunity to kill Franz Ferdinand [21].



October Revolution in Russia


The reign of Czar Nicholas II of Russia ended in the Russian Revolution in which the Czar and his family were killed. His coronation had a few bad omens. On 26 May 1896 Nicholas and his wife Alexandra were crowned in the Cathedral of the Assumption in Moscow. As he walked up the stairs, the chain of the Order of St. Andrew slipped from his shoulders and fell to the floor, which was taken as a bad omen by those who saw it [22].

A few days later a banquet was held for the people at Khodynka Meadow, a field outside Moscow. Approximately 500,000 people gathered. Suddenly a rumour spread among the people that there were not enough free beer and presents for everybody. The crowd began to push themselves, falling down and crushing people between them. 1389 people were killed [22].

The Bolshevist takeover was on 7 November 1917 (11/7/17 American notation) [23]. It is called the October Revolution because Russia still used the older Julian calendar at that time [23]. The date is remarkable because the Chinese Revolution ended on 12 February 1912 (2/12/12 American notation) with the abdication of Emperor Puyi. The October Revolution marked the end of the Russian Revolution that started with the abdication of Czar Nicholas II.

The October Revolution also marked the beginning of the Russian Civil War. Russia adopted the Georgian Calendar in 1918, so in the Russian calendar the Civil War started on 25 October 1917, and ended on 25 October 1922, when Vladivostok fell to the Red Army [24]. There is five years between those dates so it is remarkable that October is the tenth month and 5+5=10, while the day was the 25th and 5x5=25.

 
Franz Ferdinand's car
Franz Ferdinand's car
Source: Blogs.forteana.org
 


World War I Armistice


The end of Word War I was on November 11 (11/11), 1918 at 11:00 AM [25]. It is a remarkable double digit date, which is even more remarkable considering the licence plate number on Archduke Franz Ferdinand's car at the time of his assassination.



Rise and fall of Adolf Hitler


The name of the mistress and later wife of Adolf Hitler was Eva Braun, which means Eve Brown. Her name is peculiar because of Eva Braun's passion for nude sunbathing and being photographed naked [26]. Sunbathing could have made Eva's skin brown. Furthermore, Eve in Paradise was also naked.

The name of Eva Braun is even more remarkable considering that the birthplace of Adolf Hitler was Braunau am Inn [27]. Brown Shirts became a nickname for the Nazis because the paramilitary organisation of the German Nazi Party had brown uniforms [28]. Brown is still the colour associated with the Nazi ideology.

Even more remarkable are the parallels between Adolf Hitler and Napoleon. Another curious coincidence was that Adolf Hitler was the 55th member of the German Worker's party [27]. He received party number 555 as the counting started at 501 to make the party appear larger.



Holocaust


From 1901 onwards repeated claims have been made by Zionists that six million Jews were in peril or in threat of being exterminated. In 1911 Max Nordau, co-founder of the World Zionist Organisation together with Theodore Herzl, made a remarkable pronouncement at the tenth Zionist Congress in Basle, Switzerland. He claimed that 6,000,000 Jews would be annihilated [29].

The New York Times reported in 1936 that Zionist groups were lobbying American Christian leaders, Christian organisations and the British government, demanding assistance in the creation of a Jewish nation in Palestine to save the Jewish people from the European Holocaust. These strikingly prophetic statements were made years before the creation of the destruction camps [29].



D-Day


D-Day was on 6 June 1944 (6/6/44). The date was chosen by the Allies because there was a full moon on 6 June and because of an expected slight improvement in the weather conditions on that day. There is no agreement on the commencing date of World War II, while the Battle of Stalingrad took more than two months, so D-Day probably was the most important single date of World War II. D-Day means Decision Day. D is the fourth letter of the alphabet, so Decision Day (DD) can be translated to 44, which is the year D-Day happened.

Normandy invaded England in the year 1066 while English forces invaded Normandy on 6 June (6/6). During the Battle of Hastings on 14 October 1066, King Harold II of England was killed [30], just after he had killed King Harold III of Norway in the Battle of Stamford Bridge a few days earlier. It is remarkable that two Kings named Harold have been killed within a short timeframe. On 14 October 1944, the German General Rommel committed suicide. Rommel oversaw the construction of the German defences called Atlantikwall intended to repel an allied invasion [31].

According to Roman de Rou, which is a verse chronicle made around 1170 by Wace in Norman covering the history of the Dukes of Normandy, Roger the Great de Montgomery commanded parts of William the Conquerors forces in 1066 [32]. Other sources do not confirm this account so its accuracy is not clear. During the 1944 invasion Bernard Montgomery commanded portions of Eisenhower's Forces [27]. It is also interesting to note that the duchy of Normandy was the consequence of a Viking settlement in the year 911, a number that plays an interesting role in history.

On 11 March 2010, the principal founder Hans van Mierlo of the Dutch political party D66 died [34]. The name of the party can be seen as a reference to D-Day. D-Day was on 6 June 1944 so D66 may refer to D-Day 6/6. The party was founded on 14 October 1966, by 44 people [35]. This is remarkable because D-Day was on 6/6/44, while the Battle of Hastings was on 14 October 1066. Hans van Mierlo died 44 years after founding D66, which was 66 years after D-Day. Hans van Mierlo had just married a few months earlier on 11 November 2009 [34] (11/11/11 as 2+0+0+9=11).



Fall of the Berlin Wall


The Berlin Wall fell on 9 November 1989 [36], which can be written as 11/9 (American notation). The two most important historic events after World War II, which are the fall of the Berlin Wall and the attacks of 11 September 2001 were on 9/11 and 11/9. On 11 September 1989, thousands of East Germans started to cross the Austrian-Hungarian border to emigrate to West Germany [37], which precipitated the fall of the Berlin Wall. This date also being 11 September is remarkable.

In 1979 James P. O'Donnel wrote in Reader's Digest about a prophetic dream: "Not long ago I dreamed of Berlin. The year was 1989. The Wall was coming down. All along its hideous 165 kilometres East West Berliners were pouring out to dismantle it. ... Canny merchants were weaving through the happy crowd selling souvenir bricks." In 2011, historian Niall Ferguson credited O'Donnell as one of the few Western observers who accurately foresaw the fall of the Berlin Wall [38].

The construction of the Berlin Wall was a consequence of the defeat of Adolf Hitler. In 1945 O'Donnell became Newsweek magazine's German bureau chief. In this capacity he arrived in Berlin on 4 July 1945. He was assigned to investigate Hitler's death and to obtain information as to Eva Braun [38]. Eva Braun died at the age of 33 and Adolf Hitler died at the age of 56, while 33+56=89. Adolf Hitler was born in 1889 [27]. The Berlin Wall fell in 1989.



The attacks of 11 September 2001


Emergency telephone numbers

The 11 September 2001 terrorist attacks were surrounded by a number of remarkable coincidences. Most of them are immaterial on an individual basis, but taken together they are extremely puzzling. These strange coincidences probably have inspired the 11 September conspiracy theories. There have been many, sometimes mind-boggling, peculiar coincidences related to the 11 September 2001 attacks, some of which have also been discussed by bloggers on the Internet. They may not point at a conspiracy but could be evidence of this universe being a virtual reality running a script.

The US emergency telephone number is 911 [39] and it can be connected to the date 11 September (9/11, American notation). Starting with 11 September, the remainder of the year lasts 112 days, which is the emergency telephone number of the European Union [39]. The events themselves are also closely linked to emergency services. Curiously, 119 is the emergency telephone number in China, Japan, South Korea and a few other countries [39]. 119 can also be linked to the date 11 September (11/9, European notation).


Other remarkable facts

On 11 September 2002, exactly one year after the 9/11 attacks, the winning numbers drawn in the New York State Lottery were 9-1-1 [40]. Because there were two such draws, the odds of randomly drawing these numbers was around 1:500. Remarkably, this CBS news article is redated to 11 February 2009 [40]. This was the first European 112 Day intended to promote the 112 emergency telephone number in the European Union [41]. On 11 September 2011, the first three winners at the Belmont Park racetrack in New York State were horses bearing the numbers 9, 1 and 1 [42].

The total number of FDNY personnel killed was 343 [43], which is 7x7x7. On 7 July 2005 (7/7/7 considering that 2+0+0+5=7), the terrorist attacks in London took place.

On 17 July 1996, Trans World Airlines Flight 800, a Boeing 747-131, exploded and crashed into the Atlantic Ocean near East Moriches, New York. 230 people were killed in this accident [44]. 777 days later, on 2 September 1998, Swissair Flight 111, a McDonnell Douglas MD-11, crashed into the Atlantic Ocean, southwest of Halifax International Airport at the entrance to St. Margarets Bay, Nova Scotia. 229 people were killed in this accident [48]. Both planes took off from John F. Kennedy International Airport, both planes crashed into the Atlantic Ocean, while the number of people killed was nearly the same. The Swiss Air flight number 111 is remarkable in combination with the number of 777 days between the accidents, while the flight numbers 800 and 111 add up to 911.

The flight number that has seen the most accidents is 191. Five planes bearing the flight number 191 have crashed [46]. The most well known accident of this series is the crash of American Airlines Flight 191 on 25 May 1979. The digits of 191 are the same as those of 911.

 
Simpsons 9/11
 
In 1997 an episode of The Simpsons was aired that showed a guidebook with the number 9, followed by the Twin Towers, making a reference to 9/11 (see picture to the left).

In July 2001 the band I Am the World Trade Center released the album Out of the Loop in which the 11th track on their album is titled September [47]. As the name of the album Out of the Loop suggests, the band I Am the World Trade Center did not have any knowledge of or involvement in the 11 September attacks.

The smoke from the World Trade Center generated a number of eerie images of faces that attracted attention. Furthermore mysterious flying objects have been seen near the burning World Trade Center. After the collapse of the World Trade Center, crosses have been found in the rubble [48].

On 11 September 2001 NORAD was scheduled to conduct a military exercise named Global Guardian, which postulated a bomber attack from the former Soviet Union [49]. Out of a range of scenarios being run on 11 September 2001, one was operation Vigilant Guardian, which was a simulated hijacking of planes [49]. The London Police completed a terror training exercise which envisaged an attack on London's transport network just days before the 7/7 terrorist attacks [50].

On 11 September 2001 the official Bin Ladin family's website domain www.saudi-binladin-group.com expired [51]. On the same day a defence contractor, the Carlyle Group, was hosting a business conference in Washington DC which featured one of Osama Bin Laden's brothers as a honoured guest [52]. The Bush and Bin Ladin families were both involved in the Carlyle Group [56].

On 2 May 2011 Osama Bin Laden was shot and killed inside a secured private residential compound in Abbottabad, Pakistan, by US Navy SEALs in a covert operation ordered by US President Barack Obama [53]. Only 96 days later, on 6 August 2011, the Taliban shot down a helicopter killing a number of US Navy SEALs from the same unit that allegedly was involved in the Abbottabad raid [54].

Exactly ten years after the attacks of 11 September 2001, a blogger using undisclosed sources noted that the estimated death toll in Iraq and Afghanistan amounted to 911,911, an interesting number [55].

On 8 August 2012, about 100 firemen responded to what the FDNY called an equipment fire likely sparked by welding on the 88th floor of 1 World Trade Center [56]. The date August 8 (8/8) and 88th floor make a remarkable 11:11 coincidence.


New World Order

On 11 September 1990, President George Bush Sr. held a speech that is remarkable for a few reasons. This speech was exactly 11 years before the attacks of 11 September 2001. An important theme was Saddam Hussein as the first Gulf War was about to begin [57]. The attacks of 11 September 2001, have been used to start another war against Iraq to oust Saddam Hussein by another President named George Bush.

President George Bush Sr. stated on 11 September 1990 that the developments presented an opportunity for a New World Order of cooperation between nations to emerge [57]. One year later, on 11 September 1991, President Bush made similar statements about a New World Order. This coincidence has inspired conspiracy theories stating that the attacks of 11 September 2001 have been perpetrated to forward a New World Order.

On 11 September 1994, a small plane was stolen and crashed on the lawn of the White House a few hours later [58]. The construction of the Pentagon started on 11 September 1941 [59].


Prophetic predictions

Linda and Terry Jamison, known as The Psychic Twins, predicted in 1999 that there would be terrorist attacks on the World Trade Center and federal buildings by 2002 [60]. The prediction was made on 2 November (11/2 American notation) [60], while 112 is the European emergency telephone number. It is also remarkable that the prediction has been made by identical twins as the Twin Towers were identical.

The BBC made two prophetic predictions related to the destruction of the World Trade Center. A BBC Scotland article on 5 April 2001, was headlined 'Twin towers to be demolished' [61]. On 11 September 2001, a British television reporter for BBC Live reported that the building number seven has collapsed. His words were accompanied by subtitles. Building number seven collapsed 26 minutes after the reported news [62]. This is remarkable because not only did the predictions come true, but they were both predictions made by the BBC and concerned the World Trade Center.

 
Matrix Passport
 

The Matrix

A coincidence referring to 11 September 2001 can be found in the film The Matrix which was made in 1999. About 17 minutes into the film, a file folder is shown containing an image of the passport of the main character Neo (see picture to the right). The expiry date of the passport is 11 September 2001 [61]. This is remarkable considering the fact that the coincidences surrounding 11 September 2001 demonstrate that the universe could be a virtual reality similar to The Matrix. An important character in The Matrix is Morpheus, named after the Greek god of dreams.

The 2000 conspiracy computer game Deus Ex had the Twin Towers missing in the New York skyline. The real reason for their exclusion had to do with memory constraints, but in the game's fiction the towers were destroyed by terrorists [63]. The name of the game references to God suddenly coming out of nowhere and interfering with the plot (Deus Ex Magina). The initials of the main character are JC, the same as Jesus Christ. Somewhere in the game, JC wakes up in a secret mansion of the Illuminati. If JC chooses the right options, he might discover the code to a blast door. Behind it is an artificial intelligence called Morpheus [63].

In 1978 a book called The Birth of Christ Recalculated of the author Dr. Ernest L. Martin was published. He claimed to have calculated the exact date of Jesus Christ's birth, based on the celestial charts for that era. The calculated date was 11 September 3 B.C. [64]. One of the themes of the film The Matrix is the return of Christ because Neo symbolises Christ [65]. The film shows a database record with 11 March 1962, as the birth date for Neo (and not 13 September 1971, as on the passport) [65]. On 11 March 2002, the terrorist attacks of Madrid took place that killed 191 people, while 191 has the same digits as 911.


Inside job

In September 2000, the Project for a New American Century (PNAC) published a study named Rebuilding America's Defences. It stated that the process of transformation is likely to be a long one, absent some catastrophic and catalysing event, like a new Pearl Harbor [71]. In March 2001 the American Fox TV network aired the pilot episode of the short lived series The Lone Gunmen. The episode focused on a plan by rogue elements in the United States government to hijack a jet aircraft by remote control and crash it into the World Trade Center in order to justify an increase on military spending and a war on terror [61].

A few months before the attacks of 11 September 2001, documents about a planned secret operation named Operation Northwoods became public. The plans for Operation Northwoods included hijacking planes and orchestrating violent terrorism in U.S. cities [72].

 
Twin Towers destruction The Coup
 
Another coincidence was that West Coast rap duo The Coup had put out an advance graphic of their late 2001 release Party Music on their publicity company's website months before 9/11, which depicted explosions in the Twin Towers at nearly the exact same points that the planes hit. The apparent detonation device held by MC Boots Riley is labelled Covert Labs. Pam the Funkstress is seen holding conductor's batons as if directing an orchestra [61].

These coincidences can be seen as a prophetic message suggesting that rogue elements in the United States government are behind the attacks of 11 September 2001 and that the collapse of the World Trade Center was caused by explosive devices. Covert labs may mean that the perpetrators have invented a secret explosive substance and the orchestra may hint at the attacks and the collapse being orchestrated. These, and a large number of other puzzling coincidences and circumstances surrounding the attacks of 11 September 2001 have inspired an array of conspiracy theories.

On 4 October 1992 El Al Flight 1862, a Boeing 747 cargo plane, crashed into the Groeneveen and Klein Kruitberg flats in Amsterdam, resulting in an inferno that killed 47 people [73]. The combination of Boeing 747 and 47 killed is rather peculiar. In the Netherlands this event is known as the Bijlmer Disaster. This was the last time before 11 September 2001, that a large plane crashed into a large building. It is remarkable that two flats were destroyed while the World Trade Center consisted of two towers.

It is also curious that the accident involved an Israeli plane because of suspicious events linking Israel to the attacks of 11 September 2001, most notably the five Israelis that were seen filming and celebrating the attacks gave rise to conspiracy theories about Israeli involvement [74]. The incriminating article in the Herald Times about the five Israelis was published on 2 November 2003 (11/2 American notation), while 112 is the European emergency telephone number. After the crash in Amsterdam unknown men in white suits were seen that allegedly took away evidence. There have been rumours that they were Mossad agents.


Coincidences and the 11-phenomenon

Some bloggers on the Internet have noticed coincidences surrounding the attacks of 11 September 2001 that might be linked to the 11-phenomenon. A number of places, items, and persons had names consisting of eleven letters. Emails have circulated, pointing at the eerie eleven related coincidences surrounding the September 11 attacks such as Afghanistan and George W. Bush having eleven letters. Those emails provided great material for debunkers as they are based on selective data picking. Given all the other oddities, there is reason to discuss a few eleven related coincidences here.

The US emergency telephone number 911 may be connected to the 11-phenomenon because 9+1+1=11. The European emergency telephone number is 112 may be connected to the 11-phenomenon too. First 112=56+56, which can been seen as an 11:11 coincidence because 5+6=11. Second 2=1+1, so 112 can be seen as 11:11. The numbers 112 and 911 make a combination of three 11's (11 2+9 11 = 11 11 11). Also 112 + 911 = 1023, which is 1111111111 binary. 00-11 and 06-11 were the Dutch emergency telephone numbers before 112 was introduced.

The emergency telephone number in a number of countries including the United Kingdom and Ireland is 999. 999 + 112 = 1111. This is curious considering the above. 9+9+9=27, hence the 27-Club might have a link with the emergency telephone numbers too. The 27-Club is a list of rock artists that died at age 27 [75]. Cobain and Hendrix biographer Charles R. Cross wrote that the number of musicians who died at 27 is truly remarkable by any standard.

Two out of three flights hitting targets on 11 September 2001 were from American Airlines [43]. American Airlines uses the characters AA for its flight codes. When the characters of the flight codes are transformed to digits, using the scheme A=1, B=2, C=3, they both resolve to 11, making an 11:11 coincidence. Both American Airlines flights had a flight number that is a multiple of 11 (11 and 77), making another 11:11 coincidence.

The twin towers both had 110 floors [76], which is an 11:11 coincidence. Both towers had 99 elevators [76], which is an 11:11 coincidence. Together they combine to a 9:11 coincidence. After 99 days of burning, NYC declared the WTC fires were extinguished [77].

On 11 March 2002, 6 months after 11 September 2001, in the eleventh week of 2002, New York City lit the sky with 88 (8 x 11 = 88) powerful GE bulbs that sent light beams into the sky from the World Trade Center site [78]. The next morning, on 12 March 2002, the remains of at least 11 FDNY firemen were recovered from Ground Zero [79].

The Twin Towers standing side by side looked like the number 11. Adding the digits of each Airplane's flight numbers yields: Flight #11 = 11, Flight #93 = 12 (9+3=12), Flight #175 = 13 (1+7+5=13) and Flight #77 = 14 (7+7=14). Flight AA11 had 11 crew members, consisting of 2 pilots and 9 flight attendants. The numbers of passengers on the planes including the hijackers were 92, 65, 64 and 44 [43]. The following observations can be made: 9+2=11, 6+5=11 and 44 is a multiple of 11, while 4+4=8, 8x8=64 and 64-44=9+11.

On 29 November 2011 American Airlines filed for Chapter 11 bankruptcy protection [80]. 29 November 2011 can be read as 29/11/11 or 29/11/2011, while 2+9=11 and 20=9+11. Filing for Chapter 11 on this date is remarkable because the flight code AA can be translated to 11. Some sceptical thinkers have noted that stressing 11 related coincidences related to the attacks of 11 September 2001 is a selective representation of facts [11]. Those 11-related coincidences may be insignificant on their own, but there are more remarkable coincidences surrounding the attacks of 11 September 2001.


March 11

11 March is the 11th of the month and often this date is in the 11th week of the year. 11 March turned up in a number of events. It is the date of the Madrid terrorist bombings in 2004 [66], a shooting in Winnenden in 2009 [67], the death of Hans van Mierlo in 2010 [27], and the Japan earthquake of 2011 [60]. March 11 is also the start of a series of terrorist killings in France in 2012, which ended 11 days later on March 22 in a standoff [69]. On the same day an American soldier killed 16 civilians during a killing spree in Afghanistan. 9 of them were children and 11 were in one family [77].



Aftermath of the 11 September 2001 attacks


More attacks

There have been a lot more terrorist attacks after 11 September 2001, most notably suicide bombings in Islamic countries. Many people have been killed and wounded in those events. There have been so many of these attacks that researching them would have been an exhaustive effort. Furthermore, for some reason the script writer appears to have a preference for making coincidences in history happen in Europe and the United States. Maybe it is because Muslims don't need convincing that God is all-powerful, and that Westerners need more than the just the Bible and the Quran to be persuaded.


12 October 2002 Bali bombings (stripping the zeros)

The 12 October 2002 Bali bombings are subject to the 11-phenomenon after stripping the zeros from the dates. 12 October 2002 can be written as 12/10/2002. 12+10=22 while 2002 is a multiple of 11 that can be seen as a 22 when stripping the zeros from the number 2002. The number of killed is 202 which can be seen as an 11:11 coincidence with the year 2002 after stripping the zeros. Also 22=11+11 which is another 11:11 coincidence.

12 October (10/12 American notation) makes the European emergency telephone number 112 after stripping the zero. The perpetrators were executed on 9 November 2008. 9 November can be read as 9/11 (European notation). The number of wounded is 209 while 2+9=11 and 209 is a multiple of 11. 88 Australians were killed, which is a multiple of 11. This was the largest number of people of a single nationality killed in the Bali bombings [81].


Pim Fortuyn and Theo van Gogh assassinations

There are exactly 911 days between the two recent political killings in the Netherlands, both related to the consequences of the attacks of 11 September 2001. On 6 May 2002 the Dutch populist politician Pim Fortuyn, who gained momentum after the attacks of 11 September 2001 because of his stance against Islam and immigration, was assassinated by an animal rights activist [82]. On 2 November 2004, the Dutch film producer Theo van Gogh was killed by an Islamic fanatic [83]. The last film he completed before his death, 06/05, was based on the assassination of Pim Fortuyn.

 
Umar Patek and his wife
 
6 May can be rewritten as 5/6, while 5+6=11 and 2002 is a multiple of 11. 2 November can be rewritten as 11/2 (American notation), while 112 is the European emergency telephone number [39]. On 2 November 2011, the French satirical paper Charlie Hebdo was attacked in Paris, shortly after the prophet Mohammed featured on its cover [84]. After this incident the Dutch website Geenstijl.nl declared that November 2 clearly is the most humourless day in the history of Islam.

On the same day photographs of Umar Patek and his wife appeared in the news. The mastermind behind the attacks in Bali in 2002 posed with his wife for the camera during a reconstruction of his action in Jakarta [85]. 2 November 2011 (11/2/2011 American notation) makes the interesting numerical combination 112211 after stripping the zero from the year. This is remarkable because the 11-phenomenon turns up in the date of the Bali bombings, 12 October 2002, after stripping the zeros from the date. 12 October 2002 (12/10/2002) has the same digits as 2 November 2011.


11 March 2004 Madrid train bombings

On 11 March 2004 the Madrid train bombings in which 191 people were killed [66]. There are 911 full days (912 calendar days) between 11 September 2001 and 11 March 2004, while the number of killed has the same digits as 911. Because of the different time zones the EU and the US are in, the 912th day was not fully completed. The extra calendar day made the Madrid bombing happening on the 11th day of the month in the 11th week of the year, exactly 2.5 years after 11 September 2001. The digits making up the date 11 March 2004 added up make 11 (3+1+1+2+4=11).


7 July 2005 London suicide bombings (elevens hidden behind the sevens)

The London suicide bombings of 7 July 2005 are somewhat out of order because the number 7 is central in this scheme. 7 July can be rewritten as 7/7, while the numbers of 2005 added up also make 7, making three times seven or 7-7-7. The number of people killed, including the four suicide bombers was 56 [86], which is 8 times 7.

The date is a combination of three sevens, while 56 is 8 times 7, so the total number of sevens involved is 11. The digits of 56 make an 11 (5+6=11). Two weeks later (which is 2 times 7 days) on 21 July 2005, another attack on London was staged [87]. Seen in this way, the numbers of sevens involved 11 and 2, while 112 is the European emergency telephone number. Furthermore, 21 is three times seven, which can be seen as a reference to 7-7-7.


26 November 2008 Mumbai terrorist attacks

The 2008 Mumbai attacks were 11 coordinated shooting and bombing attacks across Mumbai. The attacks began on Wednesday 26 November 2008 and lasted until 29 November. During the attacks at least 164 people were killed and at least 308 were wounded [88]. The numbers of killed and wounded make an 11:11-combination because 1+6+4=11 and 3+0+8=11, while there were 11 attacks.


22 July 2011 terrorist attack in Norway

On 22 July 2011, a right-wing extremist killed 77 and injured at least 319 people in Norway [89].The attack on Utøya, in which 69 people were killed, is the deadliest attack by a single gunman in recorded history. Like 9/11, the numbers of the date 7/22 added up make 11. Of the wounded, 209 were in Oslo and 110 were on Utøya. Of the injured on Utøya, 33 were hit by gunfire. The number of people directly injured by the perpetrator were therefore 242. This is the number of wounded mentioned in some media [90]. 242, 77, 319, 209, 110 and 33 are all multiples of 11. The number 69 is a peculiar number as 6 is a 9 upside down.


Benghazi attack and China riots

On 11 September 2012, exactly 11 years after the 11 September 2001, the US consulate in Benghazi was attacked and the ambassador and three others were killed [91]. After the attacks riots broke out in a number of Islamic countries and angry people violated a number of Western embassies.

US President Barack Obama was 18,666 days old on this day while 18=6+6+6. He was born on 4 August 1961. August 4 is the 216th day of the year while 216=6*6*6. This is curious as a significant number of people considered President Obama to be the Antichrist. A 2013 poll showed that 13% of US voters believed that President Obama is the Antichrist [92]. It also did not help that Satan's character in History Channel's Bible series resembled President Obama [93].

A few days after 11 September 2012, anti-Japanese riots broke out in China after China had sent two patrol ships to the Senkaku Islands to demonstrate its claim of ownership. The Japanese ambassador to China died in a Tokyo hospital after being admitted three days earlier [94]. This creates a pair of similar events in a short timeframe related to 11 September.


Public transport accidents

On 11 September 2012, exactly 11 years after 9/11, a collision of trams 9 and 11 near the Hollands Spoor Station in The Hague in the Netherlands caused 36 people to be wounded [95]. The accident is remarkable because it occurred on 11 September, 11 years after the attacks of 11 September 2001, while it was a collision of trams 9 and 11. A few days before 11 September 2012, a report came into the news that Al-Qaeda had recruited two Somali men to carry out a suicide attack in The Hague [96].

Also on 11 September 2012, a major bus accident took place in Eindhoven, causing 27 wounded [97], while 27=9+9+9 and 999 is the emergency telephone number in Great Britain and Ireland. The bus accident in Eindhoven happened exactly 11 years after the terrorist attacks of 11 September 2001, while two aircraft incidents happened on Eindhoven Airport exactly 9 years after the terrorist attacks of 11 September 2001 [98], producing a 9:11 coincidence. As 36=9+9+9+9 and 36=27+9, the numbers of wounded people in both accidents produce an interesting combination.


 
Hebdo cartoon
 

Attacks on Charlie Hebdo

On 7 January 2015 the deadly terrorist attack on Charlie Hebdo took place. In the last edition before the attacks, Stéphane Charbonnier, the editorial director of French satirical magazine Charlie Hebdo, drew a cartoon pointing at the possibility of a terrorist attack in January 2015. In English, the title reads: "No attacks yet in France." The man in the drawing says "Wait! We have until the end of January to send you New Year wishes." [99]


Mecca crane collapse

On 11 September 2015, a powerful storm toppled a construction crane at the Grand Mosque in Mecca, Islam's holiest site, killing 111 people. The crane fell over on 11 September, exactly 14 years after the terrorist attacks of 11 September 2001. It is remarkable that the crane was operated by the Saudi Binladin Group, founded by the father of Osama Bin Laden, while most hijackers of the 11 September 2001 attacks came from Saudi Arabia. An engineer for the Binladin Group said that the accident was an act of God [100].


13 November 2015 Paris terrorist attacks

On Friday 13 November 2015, terrorists attacked Paris and killed 130 people. The number of victims being 130 and Friday the 13th being associated with bad luck, stress the number 13. Emergency services in Paris had just exercised that morning to prepare for a multi-site scenario of terrorist attacks. French authorities were expecting a 9/11 style attack and the French media already warned for such an attack on 2 October [101]. It is however peculiar that the 11 September attacks happened during an exercise that included a scenario of hijacking planes [49] while the July 7 attacks on the London subway just happened just after the London Police completed a terror training exercise which envisaged an attack on London's transport network [50].


22 March 2016 Brussels bombings

The 22 March 2016 Brussels terrorist attacks consisted of two bombings. The first bombing targeted the desk of American Airlines on the Brussels' airport. American Airlines was also the airline used for the attacks of 11 September 2001. This is rather peculiar as second bombing was exactly at 9:11 AM. The timing may just have been an eerie coincidence, the New York Times noted [102]. The perpetrators probably did not plan this as the attacks have been executed hastily after the Belgian police caught the mastermind of the Paris attacks a few days earlier.




Conclusion




What history teaches us


Some of the most important historic events are accompanied by an intricate combination of peculiar coincidences. The evidence suggests that there is some kind of script running all the events in this universe. For example, it seems not possible to place a reference to the end date of World War I on the licence plate of Franz Ferdinand's car before the war even started, kill him in a plot that included a sequence of failures, make the event the provocation of World War I, and let the war end on the date that is on the license plate, unless there is no randomness in this universe and everything is tightly controlled.

According to chaos theory, small differences in initial conditions result in widely diverging outcomes for dynamic systems that are highly sensitive to initial conditions. This makes long-term predictions impossible, even when these systems are deterministic, meaning that their future behaviour is fully determined by their initial conditions [103]. For instance, the flight of a butterfly could have caused a storm killed the grandfather of Adolf Hitler, and World War II would never have happened. If chaos theory can be applied on historic events then the course of history is impossible to predict in advance.
 
 

Our universe is the most complex dynamic system we can imagine, so scripting history seems to require complete control. For example, it seems not possible to place a reference to the end date of World War I on the licence plate of Franz Ferdinand's car before the war even started, kill him in a plot that included a sequence of failures, make the event the provocation of World War I, and let the war end on the date that is on the license plate, unless events are scripted like in a play.

There is an alternative explanation. To cope with scientific theories like the theory of relativity, the eternalist view on time has been used. It states that all points in time are equally real as opposed to the presentist idea that only the present is real. Eternalism suggests that future events are as immutably fixed and impossible to change as past events, so that there is no free will and that everything that happens is predetermined [104].

Eternalism is a model of reality. The use of models can make it appear as if reality has properties that contradict each other. For example, light can be modelled as a particle but also as a wave, but a particle cannot be a wave, because a particle is an object while a wave is a movement. The wave model and the particle model both highlight different aspects of the phenomenon called light. This indicates that predetermination does not follow from eternalism, even when it is a good model to describe some aspects of reality. Presentism may highlight a different aspect of reality as it is better at explaining cause and effect.

This leads to the conclusion that peculiar coincidences, at least if their signficance exceeds randomness in a significant way, are an indication of this universe being a virtual reality in the absence of a better explanation for these coincidences. The proposition is that the listed peculiar coincidences surrounding major historic events in Europe in the United States during the last century cannot be explained as a result of chance nor can they be the result of secretive groups like the Illuminati conspiring to make these coincidences happen.



Ownership of this universe


If this universe is a virtual reality, and the course of history is scripted, then the spread of the Abrahamic religions has been intended. There are a few items that support the idea of the Abrahamic God owning this universe. We may live in a virtual reality and the Bible contends in Genesis 1:26 that this universe is an ancestor simulation with the words: "Let us make mankind in our image, in our likeness." Everything that happens appears to be scripted. There may be a God owning this universe even though existing religious doctrines make little sense.

It may therefore not be an accident that a religion of a small and often dispersed people survived for hundreds of years and became the basis for two major world religions that dominate the world today, while the Hebrew Bible accounts that God told Abraham that all the peoples will be blessed in him (Gen. 18:17-18). At least one could argue that this is curious. Making so many people believe something as irrational as Christianity and Islam may indicate the existence of a power that controls the minds of people. Professor Yuval Noah Harari of the Hebrew University of Jerusalem noted:

Christianity, at first, was no more than an esoteric Jewish sect that taught Jews that Jesus of Nazareth was their long awaited messiah. However, one of the first leaders of the Christian sect, Paul of Tarsus reasoned that if the supreme power of the universe has interests and biases, and if he had bothered to incarnate himself in the flesh and to die on the cross for the salvation of humankind, then this is something that everybody should hear about, not just the Jews. Paul's arguments fell on fertile ground. Christians began to organise widespread missionary activities, aimed at all human beings, not only Jews [105].

And in one of the strangest twists ever in human history, this tiny persecuted esoteric Jewish sect managed to take over the mighty Roman Empire, and from this base, it spread later on over greater and greater parts of the world. This amazing success later on served as a model for Islam, another monotheistic religion that appeared on the Arabian peninsula in the 7th century. Like Christianity, Islam too began as a small sect in a remote corner of the world, but in an even stranger and swifter historical surprise, Islam managed to conquer an immense empire, stretching from the Atlantic Ocean to the Indian Ocean and beyond [105].


An advanced civilisation may have created this universe and God could be a post-human who is a member of this civilisation. It must be possible for God to have avatars and appear like a human to us. It may be possible to identify avatars of God as has been attempted in God Is a Woman And Jesus Was Her husband. There are some alternatives. For example, the creators of this universe may have added the Abrahamic God to the story, for example to enjoy the servility of the beings they created.



Purpose of existence


A controlled virtual reality seems rather uninteresting to its owner unless he or she is not aware of it. What is the use of creating a story of which the plot is already known to its writer? A similar question could be asked to people writing books. Still many people write books. There is a lot of suffering in this wold and the Bible also has its fair share of violence and suffering [106]. These events may make this simulation more realistic in the eyes of our creators, and make it more entertaining. It is fair to conclude that God is indifferent to us. In the eyes of God, our value as an individual doesn't appear to exceed that of a character in a computer game.

Accident and evolution may have produced humans. If there is unlimited time and space then there are unlimited possibilities. Human existence is a possible outcome of a process that lasted billions of years in a universe of billions of light-years in size. God may then be part of an advanced civilisation that came into existence by chance and evolution. Hence, human existence may serve no purpose. Creating humans in the image of God may mean copying humans from a real world into an imaginary world. The word image implies that the species are copied and not designed.

The post-humans may live extremely long or have become immortal. Boredom could be their greatest challenge. Virtual realities like this universe may have been invented to entertain them. Other aims for creating this universe are imaginable, for example research, but these seem less likely as the coincidences in history, such as those surrounding the attacks of 11 September 2001, seem to reveal a tendency to make fun. We may have a purpose, and it could be providing entertainment. And if having a sense of purpose is what makes life worthwile then this might be a good thing.



Prophecies and knowledge


If history is planned then it may be possible to make more accurate predictions than could be expected by chance. This seems to be a meaningless statement because quantity, chance and accuracy cannot be specified, while the statement also expresses uncertainty and the possibility of errors. Even when this universe is not a virtual reality then it may be possible to make more accurate predictions than could be expected by chance by chance. There are a few psychics that seem to have the ability to do this, for example Linda and Terry Jamison [47].

Many religious people see the Bible and the Quran as truth despite apparent conflicts with scientific findings. The Bible is not the word of God but is written by humans. The texts have incurred modifications and copying errors. The Quran was not written down at first and there has been no codified Quran during the first decades of Islam. The Quran also states that God can mislead people. A lot of people have tried to match prophecies in The Bible to events in history, or to events that are happening now. Prophecies tend to be vague and ambiguous and they can only be linked to historic events by human interpretation.

There is a limitation on the accuracy of prophecies. We cannot know the future otherwise we will influence the future in such a way that something else will happen. For example, if I did know that I would have a car accident tomorrow then I would remain at home tomorrow and the car accident would never happen. Consequentlym it is not possible to know [for certain] what [exactly] will happen in the future. This seems to be another meaningless statement, but if we live in a virtual reality and if everything is planned, it could explain why oracles and mediums tend to be vague and make many errors and still make significant discoveries.




Some remarkable events




Research material


In order to do this research I have studied peculiar coincidences. A large volume of remarkable incidents and other unexplained phenomena have been collected on internet websites and in books like Ripley's Believe It or Not! and Mysteries of the Unexplained. It is not within the scope of this research to redo these works. The stories mentioned here have come up during my research. They are verified and documented insofar that was possible. Even though they didn't meet the criteria for evidence of this universe being a virtual reality, they are quite remarkable nonetheless.



Strange phenomena


The Great Blue Norther of 11/11/11


On 11 November 1911 (11/11/11) an unusual weather event called the Great Blue Norther struck the Midwest of the United States [107]. In large areas the record high temperature and the record low temperature were on the same day. Many records from 11 November 1911 still hold today. The breaking of the record high temperature and the record low temperature on the same day is a rare occasion, especially when considering weather data over a longer timeframe. It is the only day in many Midwest cities where the record highs and lows were broken for the same day. Such an event taking place in a large area on 11/11/11 is peculiar.


Sinking of the Titanic


Morgan Robertson wrote the novel Futility in 1898. It described the maiden voyage of a transatlantic luxury liner named the Titan. Although it was touted as being unsinkable, it struck an iceberg and sank with much loss of life. In 1912 the Titanic, a transatlantic luxury liner widely touted as unsinkable struck an iceberg and sank with great loss of life on her maiden voyage. In the book the month of the wreck was April like in the real event [108].

In April 1935, the cargo vessel Titanian sailed in the North Atlantic near the spot the Titanic had sunk. An ex-sailor claimed that he had a feeling about the Titanic that caused him to sound a warning about an iceberg dead ahead of the Titanian before ice was seen, and that the vessel stopped in front of an iceberg. Damage reports noted that the Titanian was slightly damaged [109].

One hundred years later, a similar luxurious Italian cruise ship, the Costa Concordia, partly sank after hitting a reef. The accident was on Friday 13 January 2012 and the ship had thirteen decks. Some passengers said that the Titanic theme "My Heart Will Go On" performed by Céline Dion, was playing in a restaurant when the ship hit the rock. On 27 February 2012, another cruise ship of the same parent company, the Costa Allegra, ran into trouble near the Seychelles [110].

This creates two pairs of incidents based on similarity. The first pair consists of the Titanic and the Costa Concordia, which were both a similar ship sinking in an accident, with nearly exactly a century between those incidents. The second pair consists of the Costa Concordia and the Costa Allegra, which were both a similar ship from the same parent company being involved in an incident [111].


John F. Kennedy and Abraham Lincoln


John F. Kennedy was killed in Dallas on 22 November 1963 [112]. 22 November (22/11) consists of two multiples of 11 so that the incident could be related to the 11-phenomenon. There are a number of similarities between John F. Kennedy and Abraham Lincoln:
- Lincoln was elected to Congress in 1846, while Kennedy was elected to Congress in 1946.
- Lincoln was elected President in 1860, while Kennedy was elected President in 1960.
- Both Presidents were concerned with Civil Rights.
- When Lincoln became president in 1861, one of the persons that worried about his safety was John Kennedy, Superintendent of Police in New York. When Kennedy became president in 1961, one of the persons that worried about his safety was Evelyn Lincoln, his personal secretary.
- Both presidents were shot in the back of the head in the presence of their wife.
- Lincoln was shot in the Ford Theatre while Kennedy was shot in a Ford Lincoln.
- They were both shot on a Friday.
- Both assassins were killed and not brought to trial.
- Lincoln's successor was Andrew Johnson, born in 1808, while Kennedy's successor was Lyndon Johnson, born in 1908.

The so called Lincoln-Kennedy urban legend caught the attention of debunkers. A number of false claims have been circulating, while most coincidences do not seem to be exceptional [113]. It might have eluded the debunkers that a series of not so remarkable coincidences could be more curious when taken together. But there is more.

"We're heading into nut country today," President John F. Kennedy said to his wife on the morning of 22 November 1963. She had just seen an advertisement of the John Birch Society in the Dallas Morning News, suggesting that Kennedy was a communist. It was bordered in the black of a funeral announcement. "But, Jackie, if somebody wants to shoot me from a window with a rifle, nobody can stop it, so why worry about it?" [114]

President Kennedy mentioned the way he was about to die. John F. Kennedy's brother Senator Robert F. Kennedy was assassinated a few years later. These incidents are part of a series of tragedies related to the Kennedy family that are known as the Kennedy Curse [115].

The son of President Lincoln had his share of remarkable coincidences too. A few months before John Wilkes Booth murdered President Lincoln, the President’s son, Robert Todd Lincoln was rescued by Edwin Booth, a famous actor at that time, but also the brother of John Wilkes [116]. The Booth family and the Lincoln family were not exactly neighbours, making the incident even more remarkable. Robert Todd Lincoln was in the vicinity when his father was shot. He was also present at the assassination of President Garfield in 1881 as well as the assassination of President McKinley in 1901 [115].


Apollo 13

The number 13 is often considered to be an unlucky number. The voyage of Apollo 13 was haunted by bad luck even though the crew managed to return to Earth alive. The launch of Apollo 13 on 11 April 1970, at 13:13 CST from the Kennedy Space Centre in Florida. The departure time combined with the number of the spacecraft seemed to have challenged fate. The lunar landing was aborted after an oxygen tank exploded on 13 April [117]. On the bright side, the crew made it back alive, so that the number 13 may not be that unlucky after all.


Pope end time prophecy

Occurrences of the number 112 in the media have caught the attention of a poster on the Godlikeproductions.com website. It is a classic case of confirmation bias, which is selective choice and interpretation of facts. The poster opened a thread named 112 keeps coming up in the media. Soon after this thread was started Pope Benedict XVI resigned on 11 February 2013. 11 February is also 112 European Day as it is 11/2 in European notation. The Pope's decision came unexpected like a bolt from the blue and lightning struck the Vatican just hours after the Pope resigned [118].

Shortly before his resignation the Pope had released a Dove of Peace on 26 January 2013. A seagull swooped in and attacked the dove as soon as Pope Benedict XVI had released it from a balcony at the Vatican [119].

The resignation of Pope Benedict XVI on 11 February or 112 European Day is even more remarkable because of the 112th Pope End Times Prophecy that has been attributed to Saint Malachy. According to this prophecy, 112 popes would reign, starting with Celestine II before the End of Times [120]. Pope Benedict XVI was the 111th pope after Celestine II and in this way he prepared the arrival of the 112th Pope. Considering this, it is also remarkable that Saint Malachy died on 2 November 1148 (11/2 American notation) [121].

 
The Omen poster
 

The curse of The Omen

Rumours go that some movies were cursed. There are a few coincidences supporting this suggestion, not all of them convincing, but the curse of The Omen stands out. The film was advertised with with a 666-logo inside the film's title and uplifting slogans like "You have been warned, if something frightening happens to you today, think about it. It may be The Omen," the cheery notice "Good morning, you are one day closer to the end of the world," and a conclusion stating "Remember, you have been warned."

In The Omen, the wife of the American ambassador to Italy gave birth to a son, who died almost immediately. A priest then convinced the ambassador to replace his son with an orphan without telling his wife. Mysterious events soon started to haunt them. The child turned out to be evil. Possibly it was the Antichrist. The Omen was first released on 6 June 1976 in order to make it refer to the number 666. The length of the film is 111 minutes.

These ingredients made The Omen an ideal candidate for a hefty curse. Two months before the filming started, the son of lead actor Gregory Peck committed suicide. When Peck went to the film set of The Omen, his plane was hit by lightning. Curiously, a few weeks later executive producer Mace Neufeld’s flight was also hit by lightning. Producer Harvey Bernhard was just missed by a lightning bolt in Rome. Later, the hotel Neufeld was staying in was bombed by the IRA [122].

A plane hired by the studio to take aerial shots was switched at the last moment by the airline. The people who took the original plane were all killed when it crashed on takeoff. An animal handler who worked on the film set died two weeks after working on the film when he was eaten alive by a large feline [122]. Accounts differ on whether it is a tiger or a lion.

Stuntman Alf Joint was badly injured and hospitalised when a stunt went wrong when he was on the set on A Bridge Too Far in the Netherlands, less than a year after The Omen was finished. He was almost killed when he jumped off a building and missed the inflatable safety-bags that were meant to cushion his fall. He told that he felt that he had been pushed even though there was nobody near him at the time [122].

The most bizarre thing that happened, probably is the following. On Friday 13 August 1976 special effects consultant John Richardson was driving through the Netherlands with Liz Moore. They were also working on A Bridge Too Far. They became involved in a car accident that killed his Liz Moore. She was decapitated in a scene that is said to have been eerily similar to one of the most gruesome scenes Richardson had designed for The Omen. The story goes that the accident happened near a road sign stating a distance of 66.6 kilometers to the town of Ommen [122].

There are no road signs in the Netherlands giving distances in fractions of kilometres. Only kilometre markers use fractions. Near Raalte is a junction where the N348 joins the N35 towards Ommen and Nijverdal. This location currently corresponds with kilometre marker 66.6 on route N348. A road sign stating the direction towards Ommen is less than fifty metres away from this whacky kilometre marker. I am familiar with the location because I lived in nearby Nijverdal as a child. At first glance, this might have been the crash location.

After I made an inquiry in April 2015, a local newspaper named De Stentor did some research into this matter and contacted a former police officer from the area. According to the police officer, the accident indeed took place near Raalte on the N348 between Raalte and Deventer, close to the Overmeenweg, at a distance of six kilometres from the current location of the 66.6 kilometre marker. He told that he still remembers the car crash very well [123].

According to the police officer, the accident happened when he was on service. A man and a woman had parked their car on a parking lot alongside the N348. When they drove away in the direction of Deventer, they entered the wrong lane and collided head-on into an oncoming vehicle driven by a resident of Nijverdal. The view there is somewhat limited because of two gentle curves in the road. There was no road sign mentioning Ommen near the crash site [123].

The woman was killed on the spot, the car was completely destroyed and disposed to fire station. Later it turned out that the couple were foreigners involved in the production of the film "A Bridge too Far", the police officer told the newspaper. He suspects that Richardson, who was used to driving on the left side of the road, was distracted and not paying attention when he left the parking lot. He also mentioned that the accident happened during a weekend [123].

In a Channel 4 programme Richardson said the following: "It was certainly very odd because it happened on Friday 13th," and that "right opposite the point where the accident happened, was an old mile-post with nothing but sixes on it," and finally "what spooked me even more was when I discovered it was on a road to a place called Ommen.” [124]. He did not mention that there was a road sign with Ommen. He only mentioned the kilometre marker. The 66.6 kilometre marker may have been moved after 1976, for example because the route of the road has changed. He may also have misread the 60,6 kilometre marker.

Based on the current location of the marker and the details given by the police officer, another possible scenario is that Richardson was brought to Raalte or a hospital in Zwolle, and crossed the junction of the N348 with the N35. There he may have noticed kilometre marker 66.6, and immediately after that a road sign stating the direction towards Ommen. This may have freaked him out to the point that it became part of the legend of the curse. Recollections of an event that happened decades ago are often not accurate, and this applies to the memories of the police officer as well as Richardson.

It is at least remarkable that the 66.6 kilometre marker is now near a road sign stating the direction to Ommen on the same road that was the scene of the car crash. What are the odds for such a feat to occur if the accident happened on another location and the kilometre marker was moved? Alan Tyler, who made a documentary about the curse on The Omen, noticed that odd things happened when he was working on it. The strangest was that he had two different camera crews filming in separate locations and but that all the footage showed the same fault. It did not seem to do with something satanic, but it made him wonder [122].

When I was compiling my findings after receiving the email from De Stentor, a few curious things happened. When I took a glance at my stock portfolio, out of three stocks I owned, one had a quote of € 13.13 while another position had a total value of € 1,313. It was peculiar because the car crash is said to have happened on Friday the 13th. That evening I had an appointment with a contractor for renovating my bathroom. The appointment was cancelled because the van of the contractor broke down. He came from Almelo so had to pass the junction of the N348 with the N35 or to drive via Ommen.

Another curious occurrence was that a search for "Ommen 666" in Google produced a link to a website called www.hondentrainingsneek.nl. At first glance, it appeared to be a site for dog training in Sneek. It seems not a good idea to visit this website as it was fishy. Somehow "Ommen 666" was inserted into topic titles, such as "Dog Training Terry Ommen 66.6km". The text itself was incoherent with a few references to Ommen 66.6 in it [125]. This is noteworthy because I currently live in Sneek, previously lived in Nijverdal, while my enquiry uncovered the previously unknown fact that Richardson crashed into the car of a resident of Nijverdal.



An accident rarely comes alone


Link to the 11-phenomenon

Coincidences are often pairs of similar events. The number 11 is the first double digit number with two equal digits so the number 11 itself can be seen as a pair of similar events or a coincidence. The 11-phenomenon is sometimes called the 11:11-phenomenon because the number 11 appears in pairs. Quran verse 36:36 praises God for creating everything in pairs. 36 is 6 times 6 so this verse is a pair of coincidences like 11:11.

An accident rarely comes alone is a Dutch proverb that can be found in other languages like Swedish. From a statistical viewpoint accidents can happen in clusters because the law of large numbers applies here. For every example, millions of accidents can be found that do not fit the assumed pattern. When there is additional evidence of something peculiar going on, this could point at a design behind these events.


Lottery jackpots

On 9 January 2008 a € 6 million jackpot of the Dutch postal code lotery went to Sneek. The €6 million was shared by people living in the same district. The jackpot winner got € 2,2 million. Other people living in the street got € 244,444.44 for each lottery ticket they held. The rest of the money was divided amongst lottery ticket owners in the same area.

Two days later on 11 January 2008 a € 2,42 million super jackpot of the Dutch State Lottery also went to a resident of Sneek. In December 2007, a few people from Sneek already got a considerable prize in the Golden Suitcase Millions Game Hunting of the Postcodeloterij [126].

The numbers show the following 11-related coincidences: 2,2 million is a multiple of 11, 2,42 million is a multiple of 11 times 11, creating an 11:11-combination. The number 244,444,44 is 2,2 million divided by 9, making a 9:11-reference. The numbers of the dates January 9 and January 11 also make a 9:11-reference.


Shootings

 
Why sign in Alphen a/d Rijn
 
On 2 April 2011 two people were killed during a shooting in Alphen aan den Rijn in the Netherlands [127]. Seven days later on 9 April 2011, seven people were killed in a shopping mall in Alphen aan den Rijn during a massacre [128]. It was the first time a shooting aimed at random killing in the Netherlands took so many lives.

 
God where were you sign in Winnenden
 
A similar shooting occurred in Winnenden Germany on the morning of 11 March 2009. A young man killed nine students and three teachers at his former school. A German protester called Timo Tasche, known as The Signman, has been at Winnenden as well as Alphen aan den Rijn placing signs with text like "Why?" and "God, where were You?". According to forensic evidence, during the whole shooting spree in Winnenden, the gunman fired a total of 112 rounds [129] while 112 is the European emergency telephone number.

A previous shooting in Germany in Erfurt occurred on 26 April 2002. Coincidentally the German Parliament was discussing gun control laws on the same day [130]. Another remarkable coincidence is that the Winnenden shooting was on the same day of the year as the Japan earthquake of 11 March 2011, that resulted in a nuclear disaster, while the Chernobyl nuclear disaster took place on 26 April 1986.

The third largest school massacre of Germany was in Cologne on 11 June 1964, in which 11 people were killed and 22 were wounded [131], which is an 11:11-reference. This happened shortly after US President Kennedy was shot on 22 November (22/11). One year earlier in June 1963, President Kennedy had visited Berlin. There he made a famous speech in which he stated: "I am a Berliner."


Death in pairs

The identical twins Julian and Adrian Riester were born seconds apart and they died just hours apart 92 years later [132]. Both twins became friars and they both died of heart failure at age 92 on 1 June 2011, while 9+2=11. 1 June 2011 can be rewritten as 1/6/2011, while 1+6+2+0+1+1=11. It is curious that Yvonne Peace was interviewed on the subject as the twins are resting in peace now.

In 2012 two prominent Dutch poets died shortly after each other. On July 5 Gerrit Komrij died. Komrij was born in 1944 and had been Poet of the Nation from 2000 to 2004 [133]. On July 11 Rutger Kopland deceased at age 77, while 7 times 11 is 77. In 1966 Kopland debuted with the collection of poetry named Under the Cattle. Kopland once was chosen as the Poet of the Nation but he declined the offer [134].

On 4 January 2013 I made a biking trip. During this trip I noticed the numbers 44 and 68 reoccurring on licence plates shortly after each other three times. This caught my attention because I was born in 1968 and was 44 years old at that time. Later that day I took up the backlog for this research and started to work on this story about the Dutch poets. Then I discovered that Gerrit Komrij was born in 1944 and died at age 68.


Twins chosen seven minutes apart in the 2011 NBA draft

On 2 September 1989 Markieff Morris and Marcus Morris were born seven minutes apart. On 23 June 2011 the twin brothers were chosen just seven minutes apart in the 2011 NBA draft. Marcus Morris told the press that God really had a plan for him and his twin brother [135]. This may be true as both dates September 2 and June 23 add up to eleven (9+2=11, 2+3+6=11) while 1989 is eleven years before 2000 and 2011 is eleven years after 2000.

 
112 related articles
 

Two television towers caught fire on the same day

On 15 July 2011 two television towers caught fire in the Netherlands. One of the towers collapsed [136]. There had never been a fire in a television tower in the Netherlands before. This caused some speculation as to a common cause. This is unlikely as the towers are two individual masts in different areas.


A peculiar sequence of aircraft accidents

On 11 September 2010 a plane ran into trouble at Eindhoven Airport in the Netherlands. The plane had 146 people on board (140 passengers and 6 crew members), while 1+4+6=11. Immediately after the plane had landed another plane reported malfunctions before landing at Eindhoven Airport [98]. This incident is also remarkable because of the date, 11 September.

On 21 August 2011 two planes crashed in southern Poland just minutes after each other [137]. Like 11 September, the digits of 21 August add up to 11 (1+1+9=11, 2+1+8=11). The digits of the date can be found in Cesna 182, which is the type of one of the planes that crashed. Curiously my inquiry into the Polish plane accidents resulted in finding 112 related articles, while 112 is the European emergency telephone number.

On 10 April 2010, 154 days before 11 September 2010, a Polish Air Force Tupolev 154 crashed near the city of Smolensk, Russia, killing all 96 people on board. 154 is 14 times 11. On 14 September 2011 (9/14/11), a plane caught fire at Eindhoven Airport [138]. On the same day it was revealed that a man was taken into custody at Amsterdam Schiphol Airport having 154,000 Euro in cash with him [139].

The design involves three Polish aircraft, two of them crashing on the same day, 11 September, the emergency telephone numbers, the number 154 and Eindhoven. The word Eindhoven means Final Gardens and can be seen as a reference to the new Paradise after the End of Times, while Amsterdam is often abbreviated to A'dam, which can be seen as a reference to Adam.


A remarkable set of airplane crashes

On 15 September 2012 a small plane crashed in a field near Den Helder in the Netherlands. At the same time there was an air show going on in Den Helder but the plane accident was not related to the air show [140]. In the evening of 15 September 2012, another small plane crashed in the Netherlands in a field in Valkenswaard near Eindhoven. This plane had taken part in the Den Helder airshow earlier that day [141].

On the same date a small plane flying for the Dutch KLM Flight Academy was found crashed in a canyon in the mountains east of Phoenix, Arizona [142]. Three people were found dead on the crash site. Three weeks later, on 6 October 2012, another small plane flying for the KLM Flight Academy crashed into another small plane. Both planes managed to make an emergency landing and nobody was injured. There had never been any accidents involving the KLM Flight Academy before.

The following pairs of related incidents can be identified: two planes crashing on the same day in the Netherlands and two planes of the KLM Flight Academy crashing, linked by the Netherlands and the date 15 September 2012. The number three reoccurred three times as three planes were in the news on 15 September 2012, three people were killed and there were three weeks between the accidents.

On 10 October 2012 I was pondering whether or not the number three was part of this scheme. A few hours later it was reported that three people killed themselves in the Netherlands in a rare triple suicide in Utrecht. Among the dead where two twin brothers aged 33 [143]. According to the report, police went into the apartment on Monday 8 October after the family had received farewell letters.

 
Dutch television text page 121
 

4 July 2009 KLM Boeing 747-400 precautionary landing

On 4 July 2009 a KLM Boeing 747-400 that was flying from Curacao to Amsterdam, had to make a precautionary landing on Puerto Rico. 4 July 2009 is an 11:11-reference (4+7=11, 2+9=11) just like Boeing 747-400 (4+7=11, 4+7=11), while the number 747-400 is referring to 4 July two times (7/4 American notation).


Flight MH17 coincidences

On 17 July 2014 Malaysia Airlines Flight 17 (MH17) crashed in Ukraine. As about two-thirds of the passengers were Dutch, it was the largest plane disaster in recent history for the Netherlands. This accident happened just four months after another Malaysia Airlines Boeing 777-200 mysteriously disappeared. This was the 404th Boeing 777 produced. This is remarkable because 404 is code for the page not found error and the plane has not been found yet. Flight 17 was also operated with a Boeing 777-200, the 84th Boeing 777 produced.

The flight 17 plane first flew on 17 July 1997, exactly 17 years before the incident [144]. This was exactly one year after the crash of Trans World Airlines Flight 800, that crashed 777 days before Swissair Flight 111 [44] [49]. A blogger who called himself the 717-hacker allegedly predicted a plane crash on Facebook just one day before flight MH17 disappeared. Curiously, 17 July (7/17 American notation) is the date flight MH17 was shot down [145].


55 plane incidents in the United States during the 5 days before 9/9/9


During the five days before 9 September 2009, 55 minor plane accidents occurred in the United States. The unusual high number of incidents occurred in the United States alone, while in the rest of the world there was no unusual high number of incidents [146]. The incidents can be linked to the 11-phenomenon because there were 55 reports filed in 5 days, while 55 divided by 5 is 11. The date 9/9/2009 (9/9/9) can be linked to the emergency telephone numbers 999 and 112 (999+112=1111).

 
 

The Mayan Calendar

Some people have related the 11-phenomenon to the ending of the Mayan Calendar on 21 December 2012. The digits of this date added up make 11 (2+1+1+2+2+1+2=11) while it was at first calculated that the Winter Solstice Sun came to resolution at 11:11 AM GMT on 21 December 2012. Later the solstice time was recalculated to be at 11:12 AM GMT.

Some people feared that this date could become a doomsday, so it is remarkable that exactly one year before 21 December 2012, news came out that Dutch scientists had developed a genetically altered strain of the H5N1 avian flu virus that could start an apocalypse as it is both highly lethal and easily transmitted. It could kill up to 60% of the humans living on Earth [147].


Stock market peculiarities

The S&P500 hit a low of 666 on 6 March 2009 (date 6/3 while 666 is three sixes). The exact low was 666.79, so to be fair, it should be rounded up to 667. Still, this is peculiar. The financial crisis was only stemmed after the FED committed $7.77 trillion to rescuing the financial system [148]. Early 2014 IMF Chief Christine Lagarde made some frisky numerological comments on the magic 7 at the US National Press Club following the IMF’s annual review of the US economy [149].

On 24 June 2016, stockmarkets had a significant correction after the results of the Brexit vote came out. In the United States, the Dow was down 610, the Nasdaq was down 202, and the S&P 500 was down 76, a total number of 888 points [150]. The Dow drop was the 8th largest in history at that point in time. This happened exactly 7 years, 7 months, 7 weeks and 7 days after the Dow crashed 777.7 points at the height of the financial crisis on 29 September 2008 [151].


Earthquakes in Christchurch and Japan

On 4 September 2010 an earthquake struck Christchurch, New Zealand [152]. On 22 February 2011, another more devastating earthquake struck again in Christchurch [153]. On 11 March 2011, a massive earthquake hit Japan, followed by a devastating tsunami [154]. There are a few odd facts. The reasoning is far-fetched, and it requires a lot of numerology, so skeptics will have their field day on this one.

The second Christchurch earthquake was on 22 February (22/2/2011 or 22/2/11), a date linked to the number 11. The Japan earthquake was on 11 March 2011 (11/3/2011 or 11/3/11), a date linked to the number 11. The previous devastating earthquake was in Christchurch, while the previous devastating tsunami was on Christmas [155], linking those events to Jesus Christ.

The number of days between the tsunami of 11 March 2011, and the one of 26 December 2004, is 2266. The number of days between 22 February 2011 and 11 March 2011 is 17. There are 171 days between 4 September 2010 and 22 February 2011. The previous massive earthquake in Japan was on 17 January 1995 [156]. The European notation of the date is (17/1).

171+17=188, while 1+8+8=17. 26 December 2004 (12/26/2004), can be seen as 1-2-2-6-6 because 2+0+0+4=6. This is remarkable because there were 2266 days between 26 December 2004, and 11 March 2011, while 2+6=8, so rearranging the digits 1-2-2-6-6 to 1-(2+6)-(2+6) results in 1-8-8=188.

188 days before 4 September 2010, on 27 February 2010, a massive 8.8 magnitude earthquake hit Chile [157]. A 8.8 magnitude earthquake is exceptionally strong. One 8.8 magnitude earthquake can be rewritten as 1 8.8, so that the number 188 can be found in there. Because of the international date line running between Chile and New Zealand, 189 is the number of days between both earthquakes officially listed.

The Dutch charity Action for Japan on 13 April 2011 in the Amsterdam ArenA had approximately 911,000 viewers [158], which can be seen as a reference to 9/11 or 11 September. Amsterdam ArenA can be abbreviated to AA while resolving the letters to digits results in the number 11, which is the same code as for American Airlines. This is remarkable because American Airlines flights 11 and 77 were used in the 11 September attacks.

Exactly one year after the Christchurch earthquake on 22 February 2012 a commuter train failed to stop and hit the buffers at the Estación Once de Septiembre (11 September Station) in Buenos Aires, killing 51 people and wounding more than 700 [159]. In September 2011, 11 people had died when a commuter train in Buenos Aires hit a bus [159]. This is remarkable considering the references to September and 11 (11 September Station, September 2011, 11 people killed).




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123. Email exchange with De Stentor - Naturalmoney.org, 2015: http://www.naturalmoney.org/stentormails.html
124. Curse or coincidence?... ‘Conspiro Media’ re-examines the grisly chain of events connected to those involved in the ’70s horror-flick, ‘The Omen’..., conspiromedia.wordpress.com, 2014: https://conspiromedia.wordpress.com/...; backup copy: http://www.naturalmoney.org/curseorcoincidence.html
125. Dog training Terry Ommen 66.6km - Hondentrainingsneek.nl, 2010: http://www.naturalmoney.org/ hondentrainingsneek.html; original source (not advised): http://www.hondentrainingsneek.nl/train-je-hond/hondentraining-terry-ommen-66-6km/
126. Another jackpot for lucky town Sneek - Leeuwarder Courant, 2008: http://www.naturalmoney.org/lotterysneek.html; source link in Dutch: http://www.lc.nl/friesland/regio/article12506241.ece
127. Two killed in shooting Alphen a/d Rijn - Nu.nl, 2011: http://www.naturalmoney.org/ twokilledinshooting.html; source link in Dutch: http://www.nu.nl/binnenland/2482665/twee-doden-schietpartij-alphen-ad-rijn.html
128. 7 killed, 15 wounded in Dutch mall shooting - USA Today, 2011: http://usatoday30.usatoday.com/news/nation/2011-04-09-dutch-mall-shooting_N.htm; backup copy: http://www.naturalmoney.org/dutchmallshooting.html
129. Winnenden school shooting - Wikipedia (as on 23 May 2013): http://www.naturalmoney.org/ winnendenshooting.html; current version: http://en.wikipedia.org/ Winnenden_school_shooting
130. 18 dead in German school shooting - BBC, 2002: http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/europe/1952869.stm; backup copy: http://www.naturalmoney.org/erfurtshooting.html
131. Cologne school massacre - Wikipedia (as on 23 May 2013): http://www.naturalmoney.org/colognemassacre.html; current version: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/wiki/ Cologne_school_massacre
132. NY-born twin friars die on same day at age 92 - Yahoo, 2011: http://sg.news.yahoo.com/ny-born-twin-friars-die-same-day-age-155812445.html; backup copy: http://www.naturalmoney.org/twinsdiesameday.html
133. Gerrit Komrij deceased - Nu.nl, 2012: http://www.naturalmoney.org/gerritkomrij.html; source link in Dutch: http://www.nu.nl/boek/2852650/gerrit-komrij-68-overleden.html
134. Rutger Kopland deceased - Nu.nl, 2012: http://www.naturalmoney.org/rutgerkopland.html; source link in Dutch: http://www.nu.nl/boek/2859236/rutger-kopland-overleden.html
135. Twins Markieff and Marcus Morris go back-to-back in NBA draft - Yahoo, 2011: http://sports.yahoo.com/nba/blog/ball_dont_lie/ post/Twins-Markieff-and-Marcus-Morris-go-back-to-back?urn=nba-wp5486; backup copy: http://www.naturalmoney.org/nbatwinsmorris.html
136. Investigation: How could two television towers catch fire today? - Algemeen Dagblad, 2011: http://www.naturalmoney.org/ televisiontowerfires.html; source link in Dutch: http://www.ad.nl/ad/nl/1012/Binnenland/article/ detail/2806520/2011/07/15/ Onderzoek-Hoe-konden-twee-zendmasten-vandaag-in-brand-vliegen.dhtml
137. Two deadly air crashes in southern Poland - Thenews.pl, 2011: http://www.thenews.pl/1/9/Artykul/53726,Two-deadly-air-crashes-in-southern-Poland; backup copy: http://www.naturalmoney.org/ polandplanecrashes.html
138. 185 passengers evacuated as aircraft catches fire at Eindhoven Airport - Wordpress.com, 2011: http://100gf.wordpress.com/2011/09/14/185-passengers-evacuated-as-aircraft-catches-fire-at-eindhoven-airport/; backup copy: http://www.naturalmoney.org/eindhovenplanefire.html
139. Military Police seized 154,000 euros at Schiphol - Het Parool, 2011: http://www.naturalmoney.org/154000euroairport.html; source link in Dutch: http://www.parool.nl/parool/m/nl/224/BINNENLAND/ article/detail/2905803/ 2011/09/14/Marechaussee-onderschept-154-000-euro-op-Schiphol.dhtml
140. One injured in Den Helder plane crash - RTL.nl, 2012: http://www.naturalmoney.org/denheldercrash.html; source link in Dutch: http://www.rtl.nl/components/actueel/rtlnieuws/ 2012/09_september/15/binnenland/ Vliegtuig_neergestort_bij_vliegshow_Den_Helder.xml
141. Jet crashed in Valkenswaard - Nu.nl, 2012: http://www.naturalmoney.org/ valkenswaardcrash.html; source link in Dutch: http://www.nu.nl/binnenland/2910622/straalvliegtuig-gecrasht-in-valkenswaard.html
142. 3 found dead after small plane crashes in Ariz. - Fox News, 2012: http://www.foxnews.com/us/2012/09/15/plane-missing-from-arizona-school-found-crashed/; backup copy: http://www.naturalmoney.org/klmplanecrash.html
143. Triple suicide in Utrecht dorm - NU.nl, 2012: http://www.naturalmoney.org/utrechtsuicide.html; source link in Dutch: http://www.nu.nl/binnenland/2930167/drievoudige-zelfmoord-in-utrechtse-studentenflat-.html
144. Malaysia Airlines Flight 17 - Wikipedia (as on 24 July 2014): http://www.naturalmoney.org/flightmh17.html; current version: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ Malaysia_Airlines_Flight_17
145. BREAKING NEWS: PLANE CRASH...100+ DEAD - Facebook, 2014: https://www.facebook.com/717hacker/717hacker/ posts/691292020914659?stream_ref=10:bump:; backup copy: http://www.naturalmoney.org/planecrashwarning.html
146. Unusual number of plane accidents in USA before 9/9/9 - Niburu.nl, 2009: http://www.naturalmoney.org/ usaplaneaccidents999.html; source link in Dutch: http://projectavalon.net/forum/showthread.php?t=16417
147. Details of new lab-created bird flu strain may be too dangerous to publish - CNN, 2011: http://thechart.blogs.cnn.com/2011/12/21/details-of-new-lab-created-bird-flu-strain-may-be-too-dangerous-to-publish/; backup copy: http://www.naturalmoney.org/biocatastrophe.html
148. Report: Fed Committed $7.77 Trillion To Rescue Banks - NPR, 2011: http://www.npr.org/sections/thetwo-way/2011/11/28/142854391/report-fed-committed-7-77-trillion-to-rescue-banks; backup copy: http://www.naturalmoney.org/secretfedloans.html
149. How One Speech Ignited A Ridiculous Conspiracy Theory About The Occult Allegiances Of IMF Chief Christine Lagarde - Business Insider, 2014: http://www.businessinsider.com.au/how-one-speech-ignited-a-ridiculous-conspiracy-theory-about-the-occult-allegiances-of-imf-chief-christine-lagarde-2014-7; backup copy: http://www.naturalmoney.org/largardespeech.html
150. Financial market highlights on Friday: S&P/TSX 13,891.98, down 239.50 points - The Brandon Sun, 2016: http://www.brandonsun.com/business/breaking-news/financial-market-highlights-on-friday-sptsx-1389198-down-23950-points-384312931.html; backup copy: http://www.naturalmoney.org/markethighlights.html
151. Dow Falls 777 as Market Reels From House Vote - CNBC, 2008: http://www.cnbc.com/id/26945972; backup copy: http://www.naturalmoney.org/marketreels.html
152. 2010 Canterbury earthquake - Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ 2010_Canterbury_earthquake
153. 2011 Christchurch earthquake - Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ 2011_Christchurch_earthquake
154. 2011 Tōhoku earthquake and tsunami - Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ 2011_T%C5%8Dhoku_earthquake_and_tsunami
155. 2004 Indian Ocean earthquake and tsunami - Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ 2004_Indian_Ocean_earthquake_and_tsunami
156. Great Hanshin earthquake - Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ Great_Hanshin_earthquake
157. 2010 Chile earthquake - Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/2010_Chile_earthquake
158. 911,000 TV viewers to Help Japan - NU.nl, 2011: http://www.naturalmoney.org/911000viewers.html; source link in Dutch: http://www.nu.nl/media/2491883/911000-tv-kijkers-benefiet-japan.html
159. Argentina train crash in Buenos Aires kills 49 - BBC, 2012: http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-latin-america-17129858; backup copy: http://www.naturalmoney.org/argentinatraincrash.html